It is important to recognize the symptoms of heart disease early. This is because heart disease is a serious condition that can be life threatening if not treated quickly.
Heart disease is one of the diseases that causes the most deaths in the world, including in Indonesia. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2019 alone, around 17 million people died from heart disease.
Unfortunately, detecting heart disease is not always easy. This is because the symptoms of heart disease can vary, depending on the type of heart disease you have.
In addition, there are quite a number of heart disease symptoms that are similar to minor health problems. In the end, it makes sufferers don’t feel the need to see a doctor. As a result, diagnosis and treatment of heart disease are delayed.
Symptoms of Heart Disease by Type
The following are some of the symptoms of heart disease based on the type of heart disease:
- Symptoms of coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) occurs when the flow of blood that carries oxygen and nutrients to the heart is blocked due to the buildup of atherosclerotic plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease may be different for men and women. In men, the symptoms of CHD are usually typical, namely radiating chest pain ( angina pectoris ). Meanwhile, in women, symptoms that appear can include discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath, nausea, and severe fatigue.
The following are some of the symptoms of coronary heart disease that can appear:
- Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in the leg or arm
- Shortness of breath
Arrhythmia is a condition when the heart beats irregularly, for example, the heart beats too fast, too slow, or even loses 1 or 2 halfway beats. Heart arrhythmia symptoms can include:
- Mild headaches
- Heart beat
- Slow pulse
- Chest or chest pain is uncomfortable
- Hard to breathe
- Dizzy spinning
- Fainting or nearly fainting
Cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the heart muscles to become bigger and stiff, thick, or weak. In this type of heart disease, you may not experience symptoms initially. However, when the condition gets worse, symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath when doing some light activity or even at rest
- Swelling of the feet or ankles
- Irregular or faster heartbeat
- Dizziness until you want to pass out
- Heart valve disease
The heart has 4 valves that function to drain blood to and from the heart. In people with heart valve disease , one or more of the valves in the heart don’t function properly. As a result, blood flow from the heart becomes disrupted.
Some people with heart valve disease may have no symptoms for years. However, others may experience symptoms that develop very quickly.
Some of the symptoms of this type of heart disease are:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling of the ankles
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart failure
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle is too weak to pump blood normally. This condition can be caused by narrowing of the coronary vessels or high blood pressure.
The following are some of the symptoms of heart failure:
- Shortness of breath when lying down
- Reduced ability to exercise or be active
- Swelling in the legs
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Persistent cough with white or bloody phlegm
- Frequent urination at night
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Drastic weight gain
- Nausea or lack of appetite
- Congenital heart disease
Symptoms of congenital heart disease can usually be seen from birth. In infants, symptoms of heart defects can include:
- Pale gray or bluish gray skin color ( cyanosis )
- Black lips
- Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or area around the eyes
- Not strong breastfeeding (pause)
Meanwhile, symptoms of congenital heart disease that are not detected until adulthood can include:
- Easy shortness of breath when exercising or doing activities
- Tired easily when exercising or doing activities
- Swelling in the hands or ankles
If you experience the symptoms of heart disease above, especially if you also have a family history of heart disease, consult a doctor immediately to be sure. The sooner heart disease is treated, the more likely it is to recover.